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"Recommendation": models, code, and papers

Application of Reinforcement Learning for 5G Scheduling Parameter Optimization

Oct 21, 2019
Ali Asgher Mansoor Habiby, Ahamed Thoppu

RF Network parametric optimization requires a wealth of experience and knowledge to achieve the optimal balance between coverage, capacity, system efficiency and customer experience from the telecom sites serving the users. With 5G, the complications of Air interface scheduling have increased due to the usage of massive MIMO, beamforming and introduction of higher modulation schemes with varying numerologies. In this work, we tune a machine learning model to "learn" the best combination of parameters for a given traffic profile using Cross Entropy Method Reinforcement Learning and compare these with RF Subject Matter Expert "SME" recommendations. This work is aimed towards automatic parameter tuning and feature optimization by acting as a Self Organizing Network module

* 7 pages, 11 figures. Complete experiment conducted on a Live 5G Network and live 5G site 

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Multiway clustering via tensor block models

Jun 10, 2019
Yuchen Zeng, Miaoyan Wang

We consider the problem of identifying multiway block structure from a large noisy tensor. Such problems arise frequently in applications such as genomics, recommendation system, topic modeling, and sensor network localization. We propose a tensor block model, develop a unified least-square estimation, and obtain the theoretical accuracy guarantees for multiway clustering. The statistical convergence of the estimator is established, and we show that the associated clustering procedure achieves partition consistency. A sparse regularization is further developed for identifying important blocks with elevated means. The proposal handles a broad range of data types, including binary, continuous, and hybrid observations. Through simulation and application to two real datasets, we demonstrate the outperformance of our approach over previous methods.

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Choosing How to Choose Papers

Aug 27, 2018
Ritesh Noothigattu, Nihar B. Shah, Ariel D. Procaccia

It is common to see a handful of reviewers reject a highly novel paper, because they view, say, extensive experiments as far more important than novelty, whereas the community as a whole would have embraced the paper. More generally, the disparate mapping of criteria scores to final recommendations by different reviewers is a major source of inconsistency in peer review. In this paper we present a framework --- based on $L(p,q)$-norm empirical risk minimization --- for learning the community's aggregate mapping. We draw on computational social choice to identify desirable values of $p$ and $q$; specifically, we characterize $p=q=1$ as the only choice that satisfies three natural axiomatic properties. Finally, we implement and apply our approach to reviews from IJCAI 2017.

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Superposition-Assisted Stochastic Optimization for Hawkes Processes

Feb 14, 2018
Hongteng Xu, Xu Chen, Lawrence Carin

We consider the learning of multi-agent Hawkes processes, a model containing multiple Hawkes processes with shared endogenous impact functions and different exogenous intensities. In the framework of stochastic maximum likelihood estimation, we explore the associated risk bound. Further, we consider the superposition of Hawkes processes within the model, and demonstrate that under certain conditions such an operation is beneficial for tightening the risk bound. Accordingly, we propose a stochastic optimization algorithm assisted with a diversity-driven superposition strategy, achieving better learning results with improved convergence properties. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified on synthetic data, and its potential to solve the cold-start problem of sequential recommendation systems is demonstrated on real-world data.

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Named Entity Sequence Classification

Dec 06, 2017
Mahdi Namazifar

Named Entity Recognition (NER) aims at locating and classifying named entities in text. In some use cases of NER, including cases where detected named entities are used in creating content recommendations, it is crucial to have a reliable confidence level for the detected named entities. In this work we study the problem of finding confidence levels for detected named entities. We refer to this problem as Named Entity Sequence Classification (NESC). We frame NESC as a binary classification problem and we use NER as well as recurrent neural networks to find the probability of candidate named entity is a real named entity. We apply this approach to Tweet texts and we show how we could find named entities with high confidence levels from Tweets.

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How Does Embodiment Affect the Human Perception of Computational Creativity? An Experimental Study Framework

May 03, 2022
Simo Linkola, Christian Guckelsberger, Tomi Männistö, Anna Kantosalo

Which factors influence the human assessment of creativity exhibited by a computational system is a core question of computational creativity (CC) research. Recently, the system's embodiment has been put forward as such a factor, but empirical studies of its effect are lacking. To this end, we propose an experimental framework which isolates the effect of embodiment on the perception of creativity from its effect on creativity per se. We not only manipulate the system's embodiment, but also the perceptual evidence as the basis for the human creativity assessment. We motivate the core framework with embodiment and perceptual evidence as independent and the creative process as controlled variable, and we provide recommendations on measuring the assessment of creativity as dependent variable. We hope the framework will inspire others to study the human perception of embodied CC in a principled manner.

* 4 pages, submitted to the workshop "The Role of Embodiment in the Perception of Human and Artificial Creativity" at the International Conference on Computational Creativity (ICCC) 2022. Simo Linkola and Christian Guckelsberger share first authorship 

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Evaluating the Adversarial Robustness of Adaptive Test-time Defenses

Feb 28, 2022
Francesco Croce, Sven Gowal, Thomas Brunner, Evan Shelhamer, Matthias Hein, Taylan Cemgil

Adaptive defenses that use test-time optimization promise to improve robustness to adversarial examples. We categorize such adaptive test-time defenses and explain their potential benefits and drawbacks. In the process, we evaluate some of the latest proposed adaptive defenses (most of them published at peer-reviewed conferences). Unfortunately, none significantly improve upon static models when evaluated appropriately. Some even weaken the underlying static model while simultaneously increasing inference cost. While these results are disappointing, we still believe that adaptive test-time defenses are a promising avenue of research and, as such, we provide recommendations on evaluating such defenses. We go beyond the checklist provided by Carlini et al. (2019) by providing concrete steps that are specific to this type of defense.

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Chatbot for fitness management using IBM Watson

Dec 30, 2021
Sai Rugved Lola, Rahul Dhadvai, Wei Wang, Ting Zhu

Chatbots have revolutionized the way humans interact with computer systems and they have substituted the use of service agents, call-center representatives etc. Fitness industry has always been a growing industry although it has not adapted to the latest technologies like AI, ML and cloud computing. In this paper, we propose an idea to develop a chatbot for fitness management using IBM Watson and integrate it with a web application. We proposed using Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Natural Language Understanding (NLU) along with frameworks of IBM Cloud Watson provided for the Chatbot Assistant. This software uses a serverless architecture to combine the services of a professional by offering diet plans, home exercises, interactive counseling sessions, fitness recommendations.

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A General Framework for Debiasing in CTR Prediction

Dec 06, 2021
Wenjie Chu, Shen Li, Chao Chen, Longfei Xu, Hengbin Cui, Kaikui Liu

Most of the existing methods for debaising in click-through rate (CTR) prediction depend on an oversimplified assumption, i.e., the click probability is the product of observation probability and relevance probability. However, since there is a complicated interplay between these two probabilities, these methods cannot be applied to other scenarios, e.g. query auto completion (QAC) and route recommendation. We propose a general debiasing framework without simplifying the relationships between variables, which can handle all scenarios in CTR prediction. Simulation experiments show that: under the simplest scenario, our method maintains a similar AUC with the state-of-the-art methods; in other scenarios, our method achieves considerable improvements compared with existing methods. Meanwhile, in online experiments, the framework also gains significant improvements consistently.

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A Review of SHACL: From Data Validation to Schema Reasoning for RDF Graphs

Dec 02, 2021
Paolo Pareti, George Konstantinidis

We present an introduction and a review of the Shapes Constraint Language (SHACL), the W3C recommendation language for validating RDF data. A SHACL document describes a set of constraints on RDF nodes, and a graph is valid with respect to the document if its nodes satisfy these constraints. We revisit the basic concepts of the language, its constructs and components and their interaction. We review the different formal frameworks used to study this language and the different semantics proposed. We examine a number of related problems, from containment and satisfiability to the interaction of SHACL with inference rules, and exhibit how different modellings of the language are useful for different problems. We also cover practical aspects of SHACL, discussing its implementations and state of adoption, to present a holistic review useful to practitioners and theoreticians alike.

* arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2108.13063 

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