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"Recommendation": models, code, and papers

Evaluation Metrics for Graph Generative Models: Problems, Pitfalls, and Practical Solutions

Jun 02, 2021
Leslie O'Bray, Max Horn, Bastian Rieck, Karsten Borgwardt

Graph generative models are a highly active branch of machine learning. Given the steady development of new models of ever-increasing complexity, it is necessary to provide a principled way to evaluate and compare them. In this paper, we enumerate the desirable criteria for comparison metrics, discuss the development of such metrics, and provide a comparison of their respective expressive power. We perform a systematic evaluation of the main metrics in use today, highlighting some of the challenges and pitfalls researchers inadvertently can run into. We then describe a collection of suitable metrics, give recommendations as to their practical suitability, and analyse their behaviour on synthetically generated perturbed graphs as well as on recently proposed graph generative models.


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Towards A Multi-agent System for Online Hate Speech Detection

May 03, 2021
Gaurav Sahu, Robin Cohen, Olga Vechtomova

This paper envisions a multi-agent system for detecting the presence of hate speech in online social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook. We introduce a novel framework employing deep learning techniques to coordinate the channels of textual and im-age processing. Our experimental results aim to demonstrate the effectiveness of our methods for classifying online content, training the proposed neural network model to effectively detect hateful instances in the input. We conclude with a discussion of how our system may be of use to provide recommendations to users who are managing online social networks, showcasing the immense potential of intelligent multi-agent systems towards delivering social good.

* Accepted to the 2nd International Workshop on Autonomous Agents for Social Good (AASG), AAMAS, 2021 

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STARdom: an architecture for trusted and secure human-centered manufacturing systems

Apr 02, 2021
Jože M. Rožanec, Patrik Zajec, Klemen Kenda, Inna Novalija, Blaž Fortuna, Dunja Mladenić, Entso Veliou, Dimitrios Papamartzivanos, Thanassis Giannetsos, Sofia Anna Menesidou, Rubén Alonso, Nino Cauli, Diego Reforgiato Recupero, Dimosthenis Kyriazis, Georgios Sofianidis, Spyros Theodoropoulos, John Soldatos

There is a lack of a single architecture specification that addresses the needs of trusted and secure Artificial Intelligence systems with humans in the loop, such as human-centered manufacturing systems at the core of the evolution towards Industry 5.0. To realize this, we propose an architecture that integrates forecasts, Explainable Artificial Intelligence, supports collecting users' feedback, and uses Active Learning and Simulated Reality to enhance forecasts and provide decision-making recommendations. The architecture security is addressed as a general concern. We align the proposed architecture with the Big Data Value Association Reference Architecture Model. We tailor it for the domain of demand forecasting and validate it on a real-world case study.


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Learning under Invariable Bayesian Safety

Jun 08, 2020
Gal Bahar, Omer Ben-Porat, Kevin Leyton-Brown, Moshe Tennenholtz

A recent body of work addresses safety constraints in explore-and-exploit systems. Such constraints arise where, for example, exploration is carried out by individuals whose welfare should be balanced with overall welfare. In this paper, we adopt a model inspired by recent work on a bandit-like setting for recommendations. We contribute to this line of literature by introducing a safety constraint that should be respected in every round and determines that the expected value in each round is above a given threshold. Due to our modeling, the safe explore-and-exploit policy deserves careful planning, or otherwise, it will lead to sub-optimal welfare. We devise an asymptotically optimal algorithm for the setting and analyze its instance-dependent convergence rate.


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SEAL: Scientific Keyphrase Extraction and Classification

Jun 05, 2020
Ayush Garg, Sammed Shantinath Kagi, Mayank Singh

Automatic scientific keyphrase extraction is a challenging problem facilitating several downstream scholarly tasks like search, recommendation, and ranking. In this paper, we introduce SEAL, a scholarly tool for automatic keyphrase extraction and classification. The keyphrase extraction module comprises two-stage neural architecture composed of Bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory cells augmented with Conditional Random Fields. The classification module comprises of a Random Forest classifier. We extensively experiment to showcase the robustness of the system. We evaluate multiple state-of-the-art baselines and show a significant improvement. The current system is hosted at http://lingo.iitgn.ac.in:5000/.

* Accepted at JCDL 2020 

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Posterior Sampling for Large Scale Reinforcement Learning

Oct 22, 2018
Georgios Theocharous, Zheng Wen, Yasin Abbasi-Yadkori, Nikos Vlassis

We propose a practical non-episodic PSRL algorithm that unlike recent state-of-the-art PSRL algorithms uses a deterministic, model-independent episode switching schedule. Our algorithm termed deterministic schedule PSRL (DS-PSRL) is efficient in terms of time, sample, and space complexity. We prove a Bayesian regret bound under mild assumptions. Our result is more generally applicable to multiple parameters and continuous state action problems. We compare our algorithm with state-of-the-art PSRL algorithms on standard discrete and continuous problems from the literature. Finally, we show how the assumptions of our algorithm satisfy a sensible parametrization for a large class of problems in sequential recommendations.


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Machine Learning Methods for Track Classification in the AT-TPC

Oct 21, 2018
Michelle P. Kuchera, Raghuram Ramanujan, Jack Z. Taylor, Ryan R. Strauss, Daniel Bazin, Joshua Bradt, Ruiming Chen

We evaluate machine learning methods for event classification in the Active-Target Time Projection Chamber detector at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL) at Michigan State University. An automated method to single out the desired reaction product would result in more accurate physics results as well as a faster analysis process. Binary and multi-class classification methods were tested on data produced by the $^{46}$Ar(p,p) experiment run at the NSCL in September 2015. We found a Convolutional Neural Network to be the most successful classifier of proton scattering events for transfer learning. Results from this investigation and recommendations for event classification in future experiments are presented.


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Determination of hysteresis in finite-state random walks using Bayesian cross validation

Jul 20, 2018
Joshua C. Chang

Consider the problem of modeling hysteresis for finite-state random walks using higher-order Markov chains. This Letter introduces a Bayesian framework to determine, from data, the number of prior states of recent history upon which a trajectory is statistically dependent. The general recommendation is to use leave-one-out cross validation, using an easily-computable formula that is provided in closed form. Importantly, Bayes factors using flat model priors are biased in favor of too-complex a model (more hysteresis) when a large amount of data is present and the Akaike information criterion (AIC) is biased in favor of too-sparse a model (less hysteresis) when few data are present.

* Reworked as totally different paper in arXiv:1706.08881 

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Sentiment Analysis of Code-Mixed Indian Languages: An Overview of SAIL_Code-Mixed Shared Task @ICON-2017

Mar 18, 2018
Braja Gopal Patra, Dipankar Das, Amitava Das

Sentiment analysis is essential in many real-world applications such as stance detection, review analysis, recommendation system, and so on. Sentiment analysis becomes more difficult when the data is noisy and collected from social media. India is a multilingual country; people use more than one languages to communicate within themselves. The switching in between the languages is called code-switching or code-mixing, depending upon the type of mixing. This paper presents overview of the shared task on sentiment analysis of code-mixed data pairs of Hindi-English and Bengali-English collected from the different social media platform. The paper describes the task, dataset, evaluation, baseline and participant's systems.


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Knowledge Representation on the Web revisited: Tools for Prototype Based Ontologies

Jul 16, 2016
Michael Cochez, Stefan Decker, Eric Prud'hommeaux

In recent years RDF and OWL have become the most common knowledge representation languages in use on the Web, propelled by the recommendation of the W3C. In this paper we present a practical implementation of a different kind of knowledge representation based on Prototypes. In detail, we present a concrete syntax easily and effectively parsable by applications. We also present extensible implementations of a prototype knowledge base, specifically designed for storage of Prototypes. These implementations are written in Java and can be extended by using the implementation as a library. Alternatively, the software can be deployed as such. Further, results of benchmarks for both local and web deployment are presented. This paper augments a research paper, in which we describe the more theoretical aspects of our Prototype system.

* Related software available from https://github.com/miselico/knowledgebase/ 

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