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"Recommendation": models, code, and papers

Multi-view Multi-behavior Contrastive Learning in Recommendation

Mar 20, 2022
Yiqing Wu, Ruobing Xie, Yongchun Zhu, Xiang Ao, Xin Chen, Xu Zhang, Fuzhen Zhuang, Leyu Lin, Qing He

Multi-behavior recommendation (MBR) aims to jointly consider multiple behaviors to improve the target behavior's performance. We argue that MBR models should: (1) model the coarse-grained commonalities between different behaviors of a user, (2) consider both individual sequence view and global graph view in multi-behavior modeling, and (3) capture the fine-grained differences between multiple behaviors of a user. In this work, we propose a novel Multi-behavior Multi-view Contrastive Learning Recommendation (MMCLR) framework, including three new CL tasks to solve the above challenges, respectively. The multi-behavior CL aims to make different user single-behavior representations of the same user in each view to be similar. The multi-view CL attempts to bridge the gap between a user's sequence-view and graph-view representations. The behavior distinction CL focuses on modeling fine-grained differences of different behaviors. In experiments, we conduct extensive evaluations and ablation tests to verify the effectiveness of MMCLR and various CL tasks on two real-world datasets, achieving SOTA performance over existing baselines. Our code will be available on \url{https://github.com/wyqing20/MMCLR}

* DASFAA 2022 Main Conference Long Paper 

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A Sequential Embedding Approach for Item Recommendation with Heterogeneous Attributes

May 28, 2018
Kuan Liu, Xing Shi, Prem Natarajan

Attributes, such as metadata and profile, carry useful information which in principle can help improve accuracy in recommender systems. However, existing approaches have difficulty in fully leveraging attribute information due to practical challenges such as heterogeneity and sparseness. These approaches also fail to combine recurrent neural networks which have recently shown effectiveness in item recommendations in applications such as video and music browsing. To overcome the challenges and to harvest the advantages of sequence models, we present a novel approach, Heterogeneous Attribute Recurrent Neural Networks (HA-RNN), which incorporates heterogeneous attributes and captures sequential dependencies in \textit{both} items and attributes. HA-RNN extends recurrent neural networks with 1) a hierarchical attribute combination input layer and 2) an output attribute embedding layer. We conduct extensive experiments on two large-scale datasets. The new approach show significant improvements over the state-of-the-art models. Our ablation experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of the two components to address heterogeneous attribute challenges including variable lengths and attribute sparseness. We further investigate why sequence modeling works well by conducting exploratory studies and show sequence models are more effective when data scale increases.

* A shorter version appeared in ICDM 2017 SERecsys workshop 

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Streaming Algorithms for News and Scientific Literature Recommendation: Submodular Maximization with a d-Knapsack Constraint

Jul 05, 2016
Qilian Yu, Easton Li Xu, Shuguang Cui

Submodular maximization problems belong to the family of combinatorial optimization problems and enjoy wide applications. In this paper, we focus on the problem of maximizing a monotone submodular function subject to a $d$-knapsack constraint, for which we propose a streaming algorithm that achieves a $\left(\frac{1}{1+2d}-\epsilon\right)$-approximation of the optimal value, while it only needs one single pass through the dataset without storing all the data in the memory. In our experiments, we extensively evaluate the effectiveness of our proposed algorithm via two applications: news recommendation and scientific literature recommendation. It is observed that the proposed streaming algorithm achieves both execution speedup and memory saving by several orders of magnitude, compared with existing approaches.

* 11 pages, 5 figures 

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Complete the Look: Scene-based Complementary Product Recommendation

Dec 04, 2018
Wang-Cheng Kang, Eric Kim, Jure Leskovec, Charles Rosenberg, Julian McAuley

Modeling fashion compatibility is challenging due to its complexity and subjectivity. Existing work focuses on predicting compatibility between product images (e.g. an image containing a t-shirt and an image containing a pair of jeans). However, these approaches ignore real-world 'scene' images (e.g. selfies); such images are hard to deal with due to their complexity, clutter, variations in lighting and pose (etc.) but on the other hand could potentially provide key context (e.g. the user's body type, or the season) for making more accurate recommendations. In this work, we propose a new task called 'Complete the Look', which seeks to recommend visually compatible products based on scene images. We design an approach to extract training data for this task, and propose a novel way to learn the scene-product compatibility from fashion or interior design images. Our approach measures compatibility both globally and locally via CNNs and attention mechanisms. Extensive experiments show that our method achieves significant performance gains over alternative systems. Human evaluation and qualitative analysis are also conducted to further understand model behavior. We hope this work could lead to useful applications which link large corpora of real-world scenes with shoppable products.


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A Synthetic Approach for Recommendation: Combining Ratings, Social Relations, and Reviews

Jan 11, 2016
Guang-Neng Hu, Xin-Yu Dai, Yunya Song, Shu-Jian Huang, Jia-Jun Chen

Recommender systems (RSs) provide an effective way of alleviating the information overload problem by selecting personalized choices. Online social networks and user-generated content provide diverse sources for recommendation beyond ratings, which present opportunities as well as challenges for traditional RSs. Although social matrix factorization (Social MF) can integrate ratings with social relations and topic matrix factorization can integrate ratings with item reviews, both of them ignore some useful information. In this paper, we investigate the effective data fusion by combining the two approaches, in two steps. First, we extend Social MF to exploit the graph structure of neighbors. Second, we propose a novel framework MR3 to jointly model these three types of information effectively for rating prediction by aligning latent factors and hidden topics. We achieve more accurate rating prediction on two real-life datasets. Furthermore, we measure the contribution of each data source to the proposed framework.

* 24th IJCAI,2015,1756-1762 
* 7 pages, 8 figures 

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A Troubling Analysis of Reproducibility and Progress in Recommender Systems Research

Nov 18, 2019
Maurizio Ferrari Dacrema, Simone Boglio, Paolo Cremonesi, Dietmar Jannach

The design of algorithms that generate personalized ranked item lists is a central topic of research in the field of recommender systems. In the past few years, in particular, approaches based on deep learning (neural) techniques have become dominant in the literature. For all of them, substantial progress over the state-of-the-art is claimed. However, indications exist of certain problems in today's research practice, e.g., with respect to the choice and optimization of the baselines used for comparison, raising questions about the published claims. In order to obtain a better understanding of the actual progress, we have tried to reproduce recent results in the area of neural recommendation approaches based on collaborative filtering. The worrying outcome of the analysis of these recent works-all were published at prestigious scientific conferences between 2015 and 2018-is that 11 out of the 12 reproducible neural approaches can be outperformed by conceptually simple methods, e.g., based on the nearest-neighbor heuristics. None of the computationally complex neural methods was actually consistently better than already existing learning-based techniques, e.g., using matrix factorization or linear models. In our analysis, we discuss common issues in today's research practice, which, despite the many papers that are published on the topic, have apparently led the field to a certain level of stagnation.

* The article is currently under review. If you spot issues with our evaluation or with the settings we have chosen for the DL algorithms, we welcome your input, please write to us! 

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Context-Aware Legal Citation Recommendation using Deep Learning

Jun 20, 2021
Zihan Huang, Charles Low, Mengqiu Teng, Hongyi Zhang, Daniel E. Ho, Mark S. Krass, Matthias Grabmair

Lawyers and judges spend a large amount of time researching the proper legal authority to cite while drafting decisions. In this paper, we develop a citation recommendation tool that can help improve efficiency in the process of opinion drafting. We train four types of machine learning models, including a citation-list based method (collaborative filtering) and three context-based methods (text similarity, BiLSTM and RoBERTa classifiers). Our experiments show that leveraging local textual context improves recommendation, and that deep neural models achieve decent performance. We show that non-deep text-based methods benefit from access to structured case metadata, but deep models only benefit from such access when predicting from context of insufficient length. We also find that, even after extensive training, RoBERTa does not outperform a recurrent neural model, despite its benefits of pretraining. Our behavior analysis of the RoBERTa model further shows that predictive performance is stable across time and citation classes.

* 10 pages published in Proceedings of ICAIL 2021; link to data here: https://reglab.stanford.edu/data/bva-case-citation-dataset ; code available here: https://github.com/TUMLegalTech/bva-citation-prediction 

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Modeling User Behaviour in Research Paper Recommendation System

Jul 16, 2021
Arpita Chaudhuri, Debasis Samanta, Monalisa Sarma

User intention which often changes dynamically is considered to be an important factor for modeling users in the design of recommendation systems. Recent studies are starting to focus on predicting user intention (what users want) beyond user preference (what users like). In this work, a user intention model is proposed based on deep sequential topic analysis. The model predicts a user's intention in terms of the topic of interest. The Hybrid Topic Model (HTM) comprising Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) and Word2Vec is proposed to derive the topic of interest of users and the history of preferences. HTM finds the true topics of papers estimating word-topic distribution which includes syntactic and semantic correlations among words. Next, to model user intention, a Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) based sequential deep learning model is proposed. This model takes into account temporal context, namely the time difference between clicks of two consecutive papers seen by a user. Extensive experiments with the real-world research paper dataset indicate that the proposed approach significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art methods. Further, the proposed approach introduces a new road map to model a user activity suitable for the design of a research paper recommendation system.

* 23 pages 

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Neural Rating Regression with Abstractive Tips Generation for Recommendation

Aug 01, 2017
Piji Li, Zihao Wang, Zhaochun Ren, Lidong Bing, Wai Lam

Recently, some E-commerce sites launch a new interaction box called Tips on their mobile apps. Users can express their experience and feelings or provide suggestions using short texts typically several words or one sentence. In essence, writing some tips and giving a numerical rating are two facets of a user's product assessment action, expressing the user experience and feelings. Jointly modeling these two facets is helpful for designing a better recommendation system. While some existing models integrate text information such as item specifications or user reviews into user and item latent factors for improving the rating prediction, no existing works consider tips for improving recommendation quality. We propose a deep learning based framework named NRT which can simultaneously predict precise ratings and generate abstractive tips with good linguistic quality simulating user experience and feelings. For abstractive tips generation, gated recurrent neural networks are employed to "translate" user and item latent representations into a concise sentence. Extensive experiments on benchmark datasets from different domains show that NRT achieves significant improvements over the state-of-the-art methods. Moreover, the generated tips can vividly predict the user experience and feelings.

* SIGIR 2017 

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A Novel Approach for Data-Driven Automatic Site Recommendation and Selection

Aug 03, 2016
Sebastian Baumbach, Frank Wittich, Florian Sachs, Sheraz Ahmed, Andreas Dengel

This paper presents a novel, generic, and automatic method for data-driven site selection. Site selection is one of the most crucial and important decisions made by any company. Such a decision depends on various factors of sites, including socio-economic, geographical, ecological, as well as specific requirements of companies. The existing approaches for site selection (commonly used by economists) are manual, subjective, and not scalable, especially to Big Data. The presented method for site selection is robust, efficient, scalable, and is capable of handling challenges emerging in Big Data. To assess the effectiveness of the presented method, it is evaluated on real data (collected from Federal Statistical Office of Germany) of around 200 influencing factors which are considered by economists for site selection of Supermarkets in Germany (Lidl, EDEKA, and NP). Evaluation results show that there is a big overlap (86.4 \%) between the sites of existing supermarkets and the sites recommended by the presented method. In addition, the method also recommends many sites (328) for supermarket where a store should be opened.


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