Recently, deep learning methods have been shown to improve the performance of recommender systems over traditional methods, especially when review text is available. For example, a recent model, DeepCoNN, uses neural nets to learn one latent representation for the text of all reviews written by a target user, and a second latent representation for the text of all reviews for a target item, and then combines these latent representations to obtain state-of-the-art performance on recommendation tasks. We show that (unsurprisingly) much of the predictive value of review text comes from reviews of the target user for the target item. We then introduce a way in which this information can be used in recommendation, even when the target user's review for the target item is not available. Our model, called TransNets, extends the DeepCoNN model by introducing an additional latent layer representing the target user-target item pair. We then regularize this layer, at training time, to be similar to another latent representation of the target user's review of the target item. We show that TransNets and extensions of it improve substantially over the previous state-of-the-art.
Collaborative recommendation is an information-filtering technique that attempts to present information items (movies, music, books, news, images, Web pages, etc.) that are likely of interest to the Internet user. Traditionally, collaborative systems deal with situations with two types of variables, users and items. In its most common form, the problem is framed as trying to estimate ratings for items that have not yet been consumed by a user. Despite wide-ranging literature, little is known about the statistical properties of recommendation systems. In fact, no clear probabilistic model even exists allowing us to precisely describe the mathematical forces driving collaborative filtering. To provide an initial contribution to this, we propose to set out a general sequential stochastic model for collaborative recommendation and analyze its asymptotic performance as the number of users grows. We offer an in-depth analysis of the so-called cosine-type nearest neighbor collaborative method, which is one of the most widely used algorithms in collaborative filtering. We establish consistency of the procedure under mild assumptions on the model. Rates of convergence and examples are also provided.
Conversational recommendation systems have recently gain a lot of attention, as users can continuously interact with the system over multiple conversational turns. However, conversational recommendation systems are based on complex neural architectures, thus the training cost of such models is high. To shed light on the high computational training time of state-of-the art conversational models, we examine five representative strategies and demonstrate this issue. Furthermore, we discuss possible ways to cope with the high training cost following knowledge distillation strategies, where we detail the key challenges to reduce the online inference time of the high number of model parameters in conversational recommendation systems
Finding new academic Methods for research problems is the key task in a researcher's research career. It is usually very difficult for new researchers to find good Methods for their research problems since they lack of research experiences. In order to help researchers carry out their researches in a more convenient way, we describe a novel recommendation system called AMRec to recommend new academic Methods for research problems in this paper. Our proposed system first extracts academic concepts (Tasks and Methods) and their relations from academic literatures, and then leverages the regularized matrix factorization Method for academic Method recommendation. Preliminary evaluation results verify the effectiveness of our proposed system.
In the last few years, automated recommendation systems have been a major focus in the music field, where companies such as Spotify, Amazon, and Apple are competing in the ability to generate the most personalized music suggestions for their users. One of the challenges developers still fail to tackle is taking into account the psychological and emotional aspects of the music. Our goal is to find a way to integrate users' personal traits and their current emotional state into a single music recommendation system with both collaborative and content-based filtering. We seek to relate the personality and the current emotional state of the listener to the audio features in order to build an emotion-aware MRS. We compare the results both quantitatively and qualitatively to the output of the traditional MRS based on the Spotify API data to understand if our advancements make a significant impact on the quality of music recommendations.
Recommendation for e-commerce with a mix of durable and nondurable goods has characteristics that distinguish it from the well-studied media recommendation problem. The demand for items is a combined effect of form utility and time utility, i.e., a product must both be intrinsically appealing to a consumer and the time must be right for purchase. In particular for durable goods, time utility is a function of inter-purchase duration within product category because consumers are unlikely to purchase two items in the same category in close temporal succession. Moreover, purchase data, in contrast to ratings data, is implicit with non-purchases not necessarily indicating dislike. Together, these issues give rise to the positive-unlabeled demand-aware recommendation problem that we pose via joint low-rank tensor completion and product category inter-purchase duration vector estimation. We further relax this problem and propose a highly scalable alternating minimization approach with which we can solve problems with millions of users and millions of items in a single thread. We also show superior prediction accuracies on multiple real-world data sets.
Recommender systems are a critical tool to match listings and travelers in two-sided vacation rental marketplaces. Such systems require high capacity to extract user preferences for items from implicit signals at scale. To learn those preferences, we propose a Simple Deep Personalized Recommendation System to compute travelers' conditional embeddings. Our method combines listing embeddings in a supervised structure to build short-term historical context to personalize recommendations for travelers. This approach is computationally efficient and scalable, and allows us to capture non-linear dependencies. Our offline evaluation indicates that traveler embeddings created using a Deep Average Network can improve the precision of a downstream conversion prediction model by seven percent, outperforming more complex benchmark methods for shopping experience personalization.
Multi-criteria recommender systems have been increasingly valuable for helping consumers identify the most relevant items based on different dimensions of user experiences. However, previously proposed multi-criteria models did not take into account latent embeddings generated from user reviews, which capture latent semantic relations between users and items. To address these concerns, we utilize variational autoencoders to map user reviews into latent embeddings, which are subsequently compressed into low-dimensional discrete vectors. The resulting compressed vectors constitute latent multi-criteria ratings that we use for the recommendation purposes via standard multi-criteria recommendation methods. We show that the proposed latent multi-criteria rating approach outperforms several baselines significantly and consistently across different datasets and performance evaluation measures.
Before A/B testing online a new version of a recommender system, it is usual to perform some offline evaluations on historical data. We focus on evaluation methods that compute an estimator of the potential uplift in revenue that could generate this new technology. It helps to iterate faster and to avoid losing money by detecting poor policies. These estimators are known as counterfactual or off-policy estimators. We show that traditional counterfactual estimators such as capped importance sampling and normalised importance sampling are experimentally not having satisfying bias-variance compromises in the context of personalised product recommendation for online advertising. We propose two variants of counterfactual estimates with different modelling of the bias that prove to be accurate in real-world conditions. We provide a benchmark of these estimators by showing their correlation with business metrics observed by running online A/B tests on a commercial recommender system.
In this work, we present a new dataset for conversational recommendation over knowledge graphs in e-commerce platforms called COOKIE. The dataset is constructed from an Amazon review corpus by integrating both user-agent dialogue and custom knowledge graphs for recommendation. Specifically, we first construct a unified knowledge graph and extract key entities between user--product pairs, which serve as the skeleton of a conversation. Then we simulate conversations mirroring the human coarse-to-fine process of choosing preferred items. The proposed baselines and experiments demonstrate that our dataset is able to provide innovative opportunities for conversational recommendation.