E-commerce platforms surface interesting products largely through product recommendations that capture users' styles and aesthetic preferences. Curating recommendations as a complete complementary set, or assortment, is critical for a successful e-commerce experience, especially for product categories such as furniture, where items are selected together with the overall theme, style or ambiance of a space in mind. In this paper, we propose two visually-aware recommender systems that can automatically curate an assortment of living room furniture around a couple of pre-selected seed pieces for the room. The first system aims to maximize the visual-based style compatibility of the entire selection by making use of transfer learning and topic modeling. The second system extends the first by incorporating text data and applying polylingual topic modeling to infer style over both modalities. We review the production pipeline for surfacing these visually-aware recommender systems and compare them through offline validations and large-scale online A/B tests on Overstock. Our experimental results show that complimentary style is best discovered over product sets when both visual and textual data are incorporated.
Laboratory tests play a major role in clinical decision making because they are essential for the confirmation of diagnostics suspicions and influence medical decisions. The number of different laboratory tests available to physicians in our age has been expanding very rapidly due to the rapid advances in laboratory technology. To find the correct desired tests within this expanding plethora of elements, the Health Information System must provide a powerful search engine and the practitioner need to remember the exact name of the laboratory test to correctly select the bag of tests to order. Recommender systems are platforms which suggest appropriate items to a user after learning the users' behaviour. A neighbourhood-based collaborative filtering method was used to model the recommender system, where similar bags, clustered using nearest neighbours algorithm, are used to make recommendations of tests for each other similar bag of laboratory tests. The recommender system developed in this paper achieved 95.54 % in the mean average precision metric. A fully documented Python package named LaboRecommender was developed to implement the algorithm proposed in this paper
A well-informed recommendation framework could not only help users identify their interested items, but also benefit the revenue of various online platforms (e.g., e-commerce, social media). Traditional recommendation models usually assume that only a single type of interaction exists between user and item, and fail to model the multiplex user-item relationships from multi-typed user behavior data, such as page view, add-to-favourite and purchase. While some recent studies propose to capture the dependencies across different types of behaviors, two important challenges have been less explored: i) Dealing with the sparse supervision signal under target behaviors (e.g., purchase). ii) Capturing the personalized multi-behavior patterns with customized dependency modeling. To tackle the above challenges, we devise a new model CML, Contrastive Meta Learning (CML), to maintain dedicated cross-type behavior dependency for different users. In particular, we propose a multi-behavior contrastive learning framework to distill transferable knowledge across different types of behaviors via the constructed contrastive loss. In addition, to capture the diverse multi-behavior patterns, we design a contrastive meta network to encode the customized behavior heterogeneity for different users. Extensive experiments on three real-world datasets indicate that our method consistently outperforms various state-of-the-art recommendation methods. Our empirical studies further suggest that the contrastive meta learning paradigm offers great potential for capturing the behavior multiplicity in recommendation. We release our model implementation at: https://github.com/weiwei1206/CML.git.
Music listening preferences at a given time depend on a wide range of contextual factors, such as user emotional state, location and activity at listening time, the day of the week, the time of the day, etc. It is therefore of great importance to take them into account when recommending music. However, it is very difficult to develop context-aware recommender systems that consider these factors, both because of the difficulty of detecting some of them, such as emotional state, and because of the drawbacks derived from the inclusion of many factors, such as sparsity problems in contextual pre-filtering. This work involves the proposal of a method for the detection of the user contextual state when listening to music based on the social tags of music items. The intrinsic characteristics of social tagging that allow for the description of items in multiple dimensions can be exploited to capture many contextual dimensions in the user listening sessions. The embeddings of the tags of the first items played in each session are used to represent the context of that session. Recommendations are then generated based on both user preferences and the similarity of the items computed from tag embeddings. Social tags have been used extensively in many recommender systems, however, to our knowledge, they have been hardly used to dynamically infer contextual states.
With the growing number of Location-Based Social Networks, privacy preserving location prediction has become a primary task for helping users discover new points-of-interest (POIs). Traditional systems consider a centralized approach that requires the transmission and collection of users' private data. In this work, we present FedPOIRec, a privacy preserving federated learning approach enhanced with features from users' social circles for top-$N$ POI recommendations. First, the FedPOIRec framework is built on the principle that local data never leave the owner's device, while the local updates are blindly aggregated by a parameter server. Second, the local recommenders get personalized by allowing users to exchange their learned parameters, enabling knowledge transfer among friends. To this end, we propose a privacy preserving protocol for integrating the preferences of a user's friends after the federated computation, by exploiting the properties of the CKKS fully homomorphic encryption scheme. To evaluate FedPOIRec, we apply our approach into five real-world datasets using two recommendation models. Extensive experiments demonstrate that FedPOIRec achieves comparable recommendation quality to centralized approaches, while the social integration protocol incurs low computation and communication overhead on the user side.
Session-based recommendation tries to make use of anonymous session data to deliver high-quality recommendation under the condition that user-profiles and the complete historical behavioral data of a target user are unavailable. Previous works consider each session individually and try to capture user interests within a session. Despite their encouraging results, these models can only perceive intra-session items and cannot draw upon the massive historical relational information. To solve this problem, we propose a novel method named G$^3$SR (Global Graph Guided Session-based Recommendation). G$^3$SR decomposes the session-based recommendation workflow into two steps. First, a global graph is built upon all session data, from which the global item representations are learned in an unsupervised manner. Then, these representations are refined on session graphs under the graph networks, and a readout function is used to generate session representations for each session. Extensive experiments on two real-world benchmark datasets show remarkable and consistent improvements of the G$^3$SR method over the state-of-the-art methods, especially for cold items.
Learning user representations based on historical behaviors lies at the core of modern recommender systems. Recent advances in sequential recommenders have convincingly demonstrated high capability in extracting effective user representations from the given behavior sequences. Despite significant progress, we argue that solely modeling the observational behaviors sequences may end up with a brittle and unstable system due to the noisy and sparse nature of user interactions logged. In this paper, we propose to learn accurate and robust user representations, which are required to be less sensitive to (attack on) noisy behaviors and trust more on the indispensable ones, by modeling counterfactual data distribution. Specifically, given an observed behavior sequence, the proposed CauseRec framework identifies dispensable and indispensable concepts at both the fine-grained item level and the abstract interest level. CauseRec conditionally samples user concept sequences from the counterfactual data distributions by replacing dispensable and indispensable concepts within the original concept sequence. With user representations obtained from the synthesized user sequences, CauseRec performs contrastive user representation learning by contrasting the counterfactual with the observational. We conduct extensive experiments on real-world public recommendation benchmarks and justify the effectiveness of CauseRec with multi-aspects model analysis. The results demonstrate that the proposed CauseRec outperforms state-of-the-art sequential recommenders by learning accurate and robust user representations.
In e-commerce, the watchlist enables users to track items over time and has emerged as a primary feature, playing an important role in users' shopping journey. Watchlist items typically have multiple attributes whose values may change over time (e.g., price, quantity). Since many users accumulate dozens of items on their watchlist, and since shopping intents change over time, recommending the top watchlist items in a given context can be valuable. In this work, we study the watchlist functionality in e-commerce and introduce a novel watchlist recommendation task. Our goal is to prioritize which watchlist items the user should pay attention to next by predicting the next items the user will click. We cast this task as a specialized sequential recommendation task and discuss its characteristics. Our proposed recommendation model, Trans2D, is built on top of the Transformer architecture, where we further suggest a novel extended attention mechanism (Attention2D) that allows to learn complex item-item, attribute-attribute and item-attribute patterns from sequential-data with multiple item attributes. Using a large-scale watchlist dataset from eBay, we evaluate our proposed model, where we demonstrate its superiority compared to multiple state-of-the-art baselines, many of which are adapted for this task.
When a user connects to the Internet to fulfill his needs, he often encounters a huge amount of related information. Recommender systems are the techniques for massively filtering information and offering the items that users find them satisfying and interesting. The advances in machine learning methods, especially deep learning, have led to great achievements in recommender systems, although these systems still suffer from challenges such as cold-start and sparsity problems. To solve these problems, context information such as user communication network is usually used. In this paper, we have proposed a novel recommendation method based on Matrix Factorization and graph analysis methods, namely Louvain for community detection and HITS for finding the most important node within the trust network. In addition, we leverage deep Autoencoders to initialize users and items latent factors, and the Node2vec deep embedding method gathers users' latent factors from the user trust graph. The proposed method is implemented on Ciao and Epinions standard datasets. The experimental results and comparisons demonstrate that the proposed approach is superior to the existing state-of-the-art recommendation methods. Our approach outperforms other comparative methods and achieves great improvements, i.e., 15.56% RMSE improvement for Epinions and 18.41% RMSE improvement for Ciao.
Identifying relationships between items is a key task of an online recommender system, in order to help users discover items that are functionally complementary or visually compatible. In domains like clothing recommendation, this task is particularly challenging since a successful system should be capable of handling a large corpus of items, a huge amount of relationships among them, as well as the high-dimensional and semantically complicated features involved. Furthermore, the human notion of "compatibility" to capture goes beyond mere similarity: For two items to be compatible---whether jeans and a t-shirt, or a laptop and a charger---they should be similar in some ways, but systematically different in others. In this paper we propose a novel method, Monomer, to learn complicated and heterogeneous relationships between items in product recommendation settings. Recently, scalable methods have been developed that address this task by learning similarity metrics on top of the content of the products involved. Here our method relaxes the metricity assumption inherent in previous work and models multiple localized notions of 'relatedness,' so as to uncover ways in which related items should be systematically similar, and systematically different. Quantitatively, we show that our system achieves state-of-the-art performance on large-scale compatibility prediction tasks, especially in cases where there is substantial heterogeneity between related items. Qualitatively, we demonstrate that richer notions of compatibility can be learned that go beyond similarity, and that our model can make effective recommendations of heterogeneous content.